A fully-realized circular economy requires a complete paradigm shift of current production and consumption habits that have been ingrained in society over the past millennium. To prepare for a circular future, however, we must leverage solutions built on collaboration across value chains, and that’s exactly where Carton Council of Canada has thrived since 2010.
Pre-competitive collaboration means multiple companies from the same industry work together to overcome mutual challenges that largely focus on environmental and social impacts. These innovative partnerships are essential to initiate long-term strategic shifts where environmental purpose becomes the key focus rather than discretionary corporate responsibility programs or minimum regulatory standards.
Through the Carton Council of Canada, carton manufacturers Elopak, Evergreen Packaging, Tetra Pak, and SIG Combibloc seek to further reduce the environmental impact of their products in a pre-competitive setting. In doing so, they address systemic challenges by co-ordinating their sustainability efforts. Together, under the umbrella of Carton Council of Canada, they help increase carton recovery and recycling in Canada through a series of measures:
• Finance and produce carton recycling awareness campaigns
• Provide consulting services to optimize sorting processes
• Initiate pilot projects
• Connect sellers and buyers of carton bales
As of January 2021, utilizing the Resource Recovery circular business model, the Carton Council of Canada has been a showcase for successful collaboration: the national blended carton recycling-recovery rate was 56%, a significant increase compared to 26% in 2008 before the Carton Council of Canada was formed.
“For packaging to work harmoniously within the boundaries of a circular economy we need to move away from the notion of recycling as a waste management tool to one where resource recovery is a vital supply chain link. We need to rethink how we use material in the waste stream to become a valuable product input,” says Isabelle Faucher, Managing Director, Carton Council of Canada.
In order for used cartons to become a Circular Supply into new products, key conditions are required. End-markets must be willing and able to accept the material. As of today, there are seven carton recycling facilities in North America, up from only one in 2009. Robust collection and sorting systems also need to be in place. For the most part, cartons are collected at relatively high rates throughout the Canada, however, challenges still lie at the sorting stage.
“At material recovery facilities where recyclables are sorted, aseptic and gable-top cartons are often baled with other fibre material, such as mixed paper and boxboard. Those mixed fibre bales are then sent on for recycling at a paper mill. When this happens, cartons are unable to realize their true potential in a circular economy because the parameters for pulping cartons at a mill are different than those for other fibre grades. These parameters include for example agitation time, pH levels, and water temperature.
Similarly, cartons need to be sorted and baled on their own – and not with other types of fibre - in order for manufacturing facilities to recycle them into eco-friendly construction materials, such as roof cover board and wall board.”
Types of Cartons:
In a fully circular system for cartons, the entire value chain – packaging manufacturers, brand owners, sorting facilities, municipalities, producer responsibility organizations and their oversight body, and consumers – leverage collaboration to eliminate cartons from the waste stream. Through transparent data and reporting across Canada, producers and brand owners track exactly what is being recovered, sorted, and sold as what commodity in various regions. Currently, only partial data points are available depending on the province.
“In Quebec, periodic waste audit studies are conducted, which allows organizations such as ours to gain insight into material collected curbside. However, there is no data on the recycling of material, or how much of what is collected is shipped for recycling. The opposite holds true in Ontario: there is access to recycling data but none for collection data.”
Having access to common and complete tracking and reporting data across Canada to assess the environmental performance of products that are distributed nationally will only lead to benefits for brand owners, associations, and the circular economy itself. Robust tracking of circular outcomes is an opportunity to promote circular performance, which offers proof positive and motivation to drive faster, fuller adoption of the circular economy, and empower strategic decision making, helping the value chain fully realize circular economy opportunities and drive continued progress and innovation.
The relationship between Circular Innovation Council and Carton Council of Canada goes beyond similar interest in uniting value chains to uncover balance between people, planet, and profits. By virtue of interaction and collaboration with Circular Innovation Council there is tremendous opportunity for members and stakeholders to uncover collaborative opportunities for relationship building that can build to pilot projects and other initiatives to advance the circular economy.
As a trusted resource, Carton Council of Canada was able to leverage Circular Innovation Council’s network to promote its recently launched Community Education Award, which was developed to incentivize and improve recycling education in communities across Ontario. In 2021, 15 communities are eligible to win $2,000 each for demonstrating proactive recycling education efforts with special attention paid to food and beverage cartons. Carton Council of Canada is also a proud supporter of Waste Reduction Week in Canada, a unique year-round program, focused on the principles of circular economy, resource efficiency, and waste reduction. The program’s primary purpose is to celebrate environmental efforts and achievements while encouraging new innovative ideas and solutions.